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半岛台深度分析:利比亚之战的特性  

2011-04-22 21:53:00|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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原作者: Camille Elhassani

原发日期:2011年4月21日

来自:半岛电视台网站

翻译者:译言网 moonstruck

 

半岛台深度分析:利比亚之战的特性 - 老榕 - 比老榕年轻

美国国防部新闻发布会。左一为美国国防部长盖茨。

 

The US began deploying two Predator attack drones over the skies in Libya on Thursday.

周四,美国在利比亚上空部署了两架掠食者无人驾驶机。

Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General James Cartwright told reporters, "The character of the fight has changed" because of NATO's efforts. 

参谋长联席会议副主席詹姆斯·卡特莱特将军对记者表示,因为北约的参与,“战争的特性已经发生了改变”。

He said Muammar Gaddafi's troops have dug in and the drones are needed to operate in urban areas and minimise collateral damage. But the rollout was dampened by bad weather.  They had to be recalled for the day.   

他说,由于卡扎菲的军队已经站稳脚跟,现在需要无人驾驶机在城市区域开展行动,从而减少人员伤亡。不过无人机在亮相之前遭遇了坏天气,只得撤回。

Secretary of Defence Robert Gates refused any notion of mission creep in Libya, saying, "The president has said that where we have some unique capabilities, he is willing to use those."  Gates went on to repeat what his boss, President Barack Obama, has said, that regime change comes best from within. 

国防部长罗伯特·盖茨驳斥了利比亚军事行动会“偏离轨道”的说法,他说,“总统已经表示,凡是在我们能够发挥独特作用的地方,他就愿意让我们发挥。”盖茨重复了他的上司——也就是奥巴马总统的话。奥巴马说过,政权的变化最好由内而外发生。

The specters of Iraq and Vietnam loom large over US involvement in Libya.  In Vietnam, the US began by sending advisers in 1950 to help the South Vietnamese fight communist forces.  That gradually turned into a full scale war that lasted nearly a decade and left 58,000 US soldiers dead.

美国卷入利比亚之战,不免让人联想到久久不曾散去的伊拉克和越南的阴影。当时在越南,美国一开始于1950年向越南派去顾问,从而帮助南越对抗共产主义力量。随后,这场行动慢慢演变成一场持续了近十年的全面战争,造成58000名美国军人死亡。

The drones now flying over Libya are remote piloted aircraft equipped with missiles to pinpoint targets.  And they're the same as the unpopular ones that patrol the skies over North and South Waziristan and occasionally miss their intended targets and hit civilians. 

如今,飞翔在利比亚上空的无人机是远程驾驶的,配有精确制导的导弹。它们和逡巡于南北瓦齐里斯坦之上的无人机并无二致——它们并不太受欢迎,偶尔会瞄偏目标,误伤平民。

But the Pentagon is optimistic about the success of the Libya mission, saying the Gaddafi regime is weakening because his military capability has been reduced and the embargoes and sanctions are effective. 

不过,五角大楼对利比亚行动十分乐观,并表示,卡扎菲政权正在被逐渐削弱,因为一方面,他的军事力量正在减少,另一方面,禁运和制裁十分有效。

Gates admitted neither are short-term solutions and wouldn’t speculate on how long it might last.  To further help, the US authorised $25 million this week in non-lethal aid, including ambulances, binoculars, and fuel trucks.

盖茨承认说,这两者都无法在短期解决问题,也不愿推测它们将持续多久。为了进一步提供帮助,美国本周批准了2500万美元,用于非致命性的援助,内容包括救护车,双筒望远镜以及燃料运输车。

That may not be what the American public wants to hear. A new ABC News poll shows the American public becoming increasingly polarized over what the US role should be in Libya.  Disapproval of Obama's handling of the conflict is up sharply from last month.  Now, 56% of Americans disapprove of US military involvement in Libya.  Of the 42% who approve of the job Obama's doing in Libya, most say the US should be working to oust Gaddafi. 

这或许并不是美国公众愿意听到的。ABC新闻的一个投票显示,美国公众对于“美国应该在利比亚扮演何种角色”的看法越来越有一边倒的趋势。不赞同奥巴马参与战争的意见从上周起迅速上升。目前,有56%的美国人反对美国军队介入利比亚之战。而赞成奥巴马在利比亚的行动的42%里,大部分都表示美国应该以驱逐卡扎菲为目标。

Members of the Obama administration continue to say that the US won't provide "boots on the ground" in Libya.  While US troops may not be an option, other NATO allies are sending trainers to help the Libyan opposition. 

奥巴马政府的成员继续宣称,美国不会派地面部队进入利比亚。虽然美国军队没得选择,北约其他联军正在向利比亚义军提供培训人员。

Testifying before the Senate late last month, Gates said the opposition suffered from a lack of training and experience.  But when I asked him if the US is considering sending trainers, making contingency plans for sending trainers or if NATO had requested the US send trainers, Gates's response, "No, no, and no."

上个月末,盖茨在参议院作证说,利比亚义军缺少培训和经验。不过当我问他美国有没有在考虑派去培训人员,或者制定紧急派遣培训人员的计划,以及北约是否已经请求过美国派遣培训人员,他的回答是:“没有,没有,没有”。2

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