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【全译半岛】时间表:哈马斯与法塔赫之间的冲突  

2011-05-05 18:02:00|  分类: 阿拉伯的故事 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Timeline: Hamas-Fatah conflict
时间表:哈马斯与法塔赫之间的冲突

 

来源:半岛电视台

翻译:@坐火车的小绵羊

 

A look back at the four-year rift between rival Palestinian groups Fatah and Hamas.
对巴勒斯坦竞争派别法塔赫和哈马斯4年分裂的回顾

 

Fatah and Hamas have inked a reconciliation pact in Cairo, Egypt, aimed at ending their four-year rift. But it is not the first time the two groups have tried to put their differences aside.
法塔赫与哈马斯在埃及开罗签署了和解协议,目的在于结束他们之间持续了四年的分裂。但这并不是这两个组织第一次搁置他们之间的分歧。


Below is a timeline of key events in the conflict between them.
以下是他们之间冲突的关键事件的时间表。


Jan 25, 2006: Hamas defeats Mahmoud Abbas' long-dominant Fatah party in parliamentary polls.
2006年1月25日:哈马斯在议会选举中击败了阿巴斯占主导地位的法塔赫。


March: Hamas government sworn in, headed by Ismail Haniyeh, after Fatah refuses to join. Western backers including the US and European Union say Hamas is a "terrorist" organisation and refuse to recognise group as the legitimate winner.
3月:由伊斯梅尔•哈尼亚领导的哈马斯政府在法塔赫拒绝加入后宣誓就职。包括美国和欧盟在内的西方支持者称哈马斯是一个“恐怖主义”组织并拒绝承认该组织为合法的胜利者。


September:  Abbas and Haniyeh announce agreement to form a unity administration, but talks flounder over what the new cabinet's stance will be towards Israel. Abbas's Fatah movement supports a Palestinian state alongside Israel, while Hamas rejects Israel's right to exist. Their disagreements lead to violence on the streets of Gaza.
9月:阿巴斯和哈尼亚宣布同意组建联合政府,但会谈在新内阁立场将倾向以色列时陷入了困境。阿巴斯领导的法塔赫运动支持在以色列旁边建立巴勒斯坦国,而哈马斯不认为以色列有存在的权利。他们的分歧导致了加沙街头的暴力活动。


October: A number of mediation conferences are held. Egypt and Qatar send their foreign ministers to meet with both sides. Other Palestinian groups such as the Islamic Jihad and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine mediate between the two sides to stop the clashes.
10月:举行了若干次调解会议。埃及和卡塔尔派出他们的外长分别与双方会见。其他巴勒斯坦的组织如伊斯兰圣战组织和解放巴勒斯坦人民阵线组织为停止这次冲突而在双方之间进行调解。


November: Following talks between Hamas and Fatah, both sides agree to form a unity government.
11月:在哈马斯和法塔赫进行会谈之后,双方同意组建联合政府。


December: Abbas calls for new elections as a solution to the ongoing crisis.
12月:阿巴斯要求举行新的选举,作为对不断持续的危机的解决方案。


February 2007: Fighting between Hamas and Fatah factions intensifies in Gaza, with Hamas overrunning compounds used by Abbas's security forces. The two sides then agree on a deal in Mecca, in the hope that Western powers will lift crippling sanctions imposed on the Hamas-led government. Haniyeh and his cabinet resign, but he is re-appointed by Abbas and begins the process of forming a new Palestinian unity government.
2007年2月:随着哈马斯占领了阿巴斯卫队曾经驻扎过的难民营,哈马斯与法塔赫两派在加沙的战斗加剧。随后双方在麦加签署了协议,希望西方势力能够解除对哈马斯领导的政府所实施的严厉制裁。哈尼亚和他的内阁辞职,但他被阿巴斯重新任命,并开始了组建新的巴勒斯坦联合政府的进程。


March: The Palestinian unity government takes office, but Hamas says it will not halt rocket fire against Israel, as proposed by Abbas, after the Jewish state vows to press ahead with its attacks on Gaza.
3月:巴勒斯坦联合政府就任,但在犹太人声明誓将继续他们对加沙的攻击之后,根据阿巴斯的提议,哈马斯称不会停止对以色列的火箭弹袭击。


June: Battle of Gaza begins, resulting in Hamas taking control of the Gaza Strip from Fatah, who stay in control of the occupied West Bank. At least 100 people are killed in the heavy fighting. Abbas dismisses the Palestinian government and declares a state of emergency.
6月:加沙的战斗开始,最终哈马斯从法塔赫手中夺得了对加沙的控制,而法塔赫依然控制他们所占领的约旦河西岸。至少有100人在这次激烈的战斗中身亡。阿巴斯解散了巴勒斯坦政府并宣布进入紧急状态。


November: George Bush, the then US president, hosts peace talks between Palestinians and Israelis at Annapolis, Maryland, while Hamas still holds control over Gaza.
11月:当时的美国总统乔治•布什在马里兰州的安纳波利斯主持了巴勒斯坦和以色列之间的和谈,当时哈马斯仍然保持对加沙的控制。


January 2008: Israel steps up military actions on Gaza and Hamas, killing seven Palestinians. Ehut Olmert, the then Israeli PM, vows to respond to continuing rocket attacks from Gaza. Israel continues incursions into Gaza, leaving Palestinians in a humanitarian crisis without fuel, power, food and water.
2008年1月:以色列加强了对加沙和哈马斯的军事行动,杀死了7名巴勒斯坦人。当时的以色列总理埃胡德•奥尔默特发誓将对来自加沙的持续的火箭弹袭击做出反应。以色列继续对加沙的入侵,使巴勒斯坦人处在没有燃料,电源,水和食物的人道主义危机中。


December 2008: Israel launches Operation Cast Lead, a full scale invasion of the Gaza Strip in response to rocket attacks by Palestinian armed groups. Some 1,400 Palestinians are killed, many of them civilians. After 22 days of fighting, Israel and Hamas each declare separate unilateral ceasefires.
2008年12月:以色列发动了“铸铅行动”这是一次对加沙地带的全面入侵,是对巴勒斯坦武装组织火箭弹袭击做出的反应。大约1400名巴勒斯坦人身亡,其中很多人都是平民。在22天的交火后,以色列和哈马斯分别宣布单方面停火。


January 2009: Abbas' term as president ends, but vows to stay in power until parliamentary and presidential elections can be held simultaneously.
2009年1月:阿巴斯总统任期届满,但他发誓将继续执政直到议会和总统选举同时举行。


February 2009: Egypt pushes Fatah and Hamas to hold reconciliation talks to create a unity government that would allow for simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections.
2009年2月:在埃及的推动下,法塔赫和哈马斯举行和解会谈以建立一个允许同时举行议会和总统选举的联合政府。


April 2009: The two groups suspend reconciliation talks for three weeks after failing to agree on a unity government.
2009年4月:未能在联合政府的问题上达成一致意见之后,两个组织把和解会谈推迟到了3周之后。


September 2010: Round of direct negotiations between the Israeli and Palestinian leadership begins. The talks collapse in the same month after Israel refuses to extend the freeze on settlement construction in the West Bank.
以色列和巴勒斯坦领导层之间的新一轮谈判开始进行。在以色列拒绝将停建约旦河西岸犹太人定居点的禁令延期之后,谈判在同一个月破裂。


May 3, 2011: Unity deal between Fatah and Hamas signed in attempt to end feud between the two groups, which remain divided between the Gaza Strip and occupied West Bank. The deal involves members of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) and Islamic Jihad, Popular Resistance Committee and Hamas.
2011年5月3日,法塔赫和哈马斯签署了联合协议,企图结束两派之间的争执,加沙和约旦河西岸将继续保持分治。签署该协议的派别包括巴勒斯坦解放组织(PLO),伊斯兰圣战组织,人民抵抗委员会及哈马斯。

 

May 4, 2011: Fatah and Hamas leaders, Abbas and Khaled Meshaal, gather in Cairo to mark the reconciliation agreement. 
2011年5月4日:法塔赫领导人阿巴斯和哈马斯领导人卡勒德•迈沙阿勒在开罗相聚,标志着和解协议的签署。

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